Office of the Provincial Government of Lower Austria, Department of Art and Culture
A-3109 St. Pölten, Landhausplatz 1
A comprehensive ethnological collection has existed ever since the foundation of the Landesmuseum Niederösterreich in 1911. It wasn’t until the 1930s, however, that the items were systematically surveyed and catalogued. Among the first works in the collection were those of the Kiessling Collection, which took shape through so-called “collection expeditions.” The foundation for a textile collection was also laid in the museum’s early years. The collection’s expansion began with the establishment of the Museum of Folk Culture in Groß-Schweinbarth. At present, the “Ethnology” collection is scientifically reassessed and systematically expanded, putting a stronger emphasis on collecting contemporary history.
The Collection/Main Emphasis
The “Ethnology” collection documents and provides cultural-historical records of everyday and holiday life in Lower Austria. It comprises more than 20,000 objects. The large number of traditional, artisanal, and commercial objects and household effects is joined by specific collection categories such as a costumes and textiles collection, a large collection of devotional illustrations, a collection of rustic furniture, and a collection of votive images used in sacred folk art and pilgrimages.
An extensive library features special literature customized to the collection holdings.